Antibacterial Agents

Edited by: Nik Ahmad Nizam Nik Malek


This book comprises of 13 chapters focusing on issues and development of antibacterial agents. The content is divided into two main segments, focusing on issues and types of antibacterial agents. The types of antibacterial agents discussed in this book can be divided into three main groups which are (1) organic including essential oils, natural products and nanofiber, (2) inorganic including biosynthesized silver nanoparticles, metal-loaded zeolites and kaolinites, carbon nanotubes and titania, and (3) hybrid organic-inorganic including organo-modified metal-loaded zeolite and metal-organic-framework. Chapters in this book present research and reviews on development of these antibacterial agents in terms of their fundamental principles, characteristics, antibacterial assays and mechanisms. This book provides guidelines to researchers, scientists or professionals from industries who are involved in developing new antibacterial agents.

Scientific Approaches to Crime Investigations

Edited by: Naji Arafat Mahat & Mohamad Afiq Mohamed Huri


This book, written by forensic experts from Malaysia, United States of America and United Kingdom, provides suitable insights into relevant interdisciplinary advancements in forensic science, in view of its practical values in combating crimes. The book addresses the current lack of literature on the basic theories and applications of science in forensic investigations and gives elaborate explanations on the current advances in pertinent fields within forensic science. This book contains topics such as evidential values of fingerprint in forensic investigation, evidential values of insects in crime investigations, interkingdom communication between bacteria and blow flies in forensic entomology, anthropological evidence in forensic investigation, diatom assessment for assigning scene of drowning cases, relevance of toxicological analysis in forensic investigations, applications of instrumental chromatography to forensic chemistry, application of capillary electrophoresis to forensic analytical chemistry, artificial neural networks in forensic science, and forensic fire debris analysis. This edited volume is a necessary reference material for forensic scientists and students, as well as forensic investigators and legal practitioners.

Three-Dimensional Printer Device for Electromembrane Extraction

Hong Heng See & Siti Nur Ain Fatihah Abdillah


This book discusses the brief introduction of three-dimensional printing technology available in the current commercial markets and its potential usage in fabricating an analytical device for the sample preparation technique. Particular focus is given to the integration of the analytical devices into electric-field driven membrane-based microextraction technique. This research book is suitable for University students and those whose works are related to analytical chemistry and separation techniques.

Principle of Chemical Analysis

Authors: Mohd Marsin Sanagi, Azli Sulaiman, Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim & Aemi Syazwani Abdul Keyon


Regardless of the recent advances in analytical techniques, there remain urgent needs for analytical chemists to closely observe sample measurements to ensure accurate results and conclusions. It is therefore essential for analytical chemists to have knowledge and skills in proper sample and data handling techniques.
This book has been written with a main objective of instilling the understanding of the basic principles of the quantitative analytical chemistry and how the principles are utilized in the analytical laboratory. The scope of this work covers the fundamentals of chemical analysis. Thorough exposures to these fundamentals, students will have strong footing to perform numerous procedures in chemical analysis.

Plant Science and Its Application

Edited by: Zaidah Rahmat & Nik Ahmad Nizam Nik Malek


This volume consists of 14 chapters focusing on plants and their applications in various industries. The contents are divided into several themes following the introduction, including growth and development of plant science, biochemical and physical properties as well as plants as medicine. Plants are synonymous with our everyday life as they could be sources of foods and they contribute to the ecosystem. In today???s modern world, applications of plants in various industries are becoming the focal point in providing safer and environmental-friendly solutions. Medicinal plants are already available in the market and their applications to improve human???s health are always prioritized by our researchers. This book records research that has been done on plants in Malaysia. Several medicinal plants are reviewed, focusing on their bioactive compounds and how they have benefited humans and animals??? health. Several chapters outline the contributions of plants as environmental-friendly solutions and improvements to existing procedures. Applications of different plants using current experimental procedures as presented in this book could provide proofs, guidelines or references for students, researchers and professionals in the industries.

Treatment of Textile Industry Waste (Chapter)

By Siew-Teng Ong, Sie-Tiong Ha, Siew-Ling Lee, Pei-Sin Keng, Yung-Tse Hung, Lawrence K. Wang

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management (Book)


This chapter presents a brief overview of the textile industries, discusses the textile processes, and focuses on the wastewater characterization and treatment processes of this industry. The main treatment technologies and emerging techniques using various waste materials from agriculture and industry or naturally occurring biosorbents are highlighted. The discussion on pollution prevention serves as background to later sections.

Removal of Heavy Metals by Low-Cost Adsorption Materials (Chapter)

Authored by: Siew-Teng. Ong , Sie-Tiong Ha , Pei-Sin Keng , Siew-Ling Lee , Yung-Tse Hung

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management (Book)


Owing to the environmental impact as well as the growing awareness among the public, it is imperative to remove or reduce the concentration of heavy metals to environmentally acceptable levels before being discharged to open stream. The conventional methods for removing heavy metals suffer from many drawbacks such as high cost, sludge disposal problem, complex technology, and limited applicability. Therefore, intensive research has been carried out using low-cost materials to remove these heavy metals at an affordable cost. This chapter examines (i) some commonly found heavy metals in wastewater, (ii) main treatment technologies and their limitations, (iii) various studies using waste materials from agriculture and industry or naturally occurring biosorbents, (iv) chemical properties and characterization studies on the low-cost adsorbents, (v) influential parameters in affecting the removal efficiency, and (vi) equilibrium, kinetic models, and process design used in the adsorption process.

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