W.J.Lee P.S.Goh W.J.Lau C.S.Ong A.F.Ismail
The raising oil consumption in oil and gas industries has exacerbated the disposal of oil waste into various water streams. This phenomenon has called for treatments to prevent threats to the human and environment. With some great advantages such as lower membrane fouling rate, lower energy requirement and higher water recovery rate compared to the conventional pressure-driven membrane processes, forward osmosis (FO) has been recognized as a potential candidate for oily wastewater treatment. In this study, a poly[3-(N-2-methacryloylxyethyl-N,N-dimethyl)-ammonatopropanesulfonate] (PMAPS)….